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 Population and economics in Switzerland, political system and labor cost, public institutions, business environment  
Current time in Switzerland, weather in Switzerland, population in Switzerland                                          Swiss political system, population & economy in Switzerland                                               Swiss labor market & workforce, inflation in Switzerland
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Switzerland. Country information

Due to its location, Switzerland has traditionally been and will continue to be at the cross-roads of major international trade routes. From Switzerland, the gateway of Europe, you can reach all major cities of the Continent in two hours or less.
This is one of the reasons why Switzerland become a center for international business contacts and organizations.
Political system
Административная карта ШвейцарииAs its name implies, the Swiss Confederation is based on a federal system. The present form was established by the Constitution of 1848. It superseded the previous federation of independent states and recognized that the country’s unity could only be preserved if full consideration was given to the diversity of its regions.
Under the current Constitution, which became effective at the beginning of 2000, Switzerland is made up of 26 Cantons. The historically evolved federal structure gives the Cantons a considerable degree of political freedom and administrative autonomy.
Switzerland’s internal stability isn’t impaired by the existence of different language groups and cultural regions. There is a high degree of tolerance and personal freedom.
According to the World Competitiveness Yearbook 2017, Switzerland leads all international comparisons in matters of security, private prosperity, social coherence and political stability.
  Administrative data
 Capital City
- 41,293 sq.km
- Bern
- Swiss Franc
- German
- French
- Italian
- 26 cantons
  Population data
 Swiss citizens
 Foreign residents
- 8,036,900
- 6,168,000
- 1,868,900
  Economic data
 Working time
- below 0.1%
- below 3.5%
- below 25%
- 40-44 hours
  per week

Population and economic highlights
Zurich with its 0.35 Mln. population is the commercial center of Switzerland. Bern (0.13 Mln.) is the political capital. Basel (0.18 Mln.) is the domicile of renowned pharmaceutical and chemical companies, and Geneva (0.18 Mln.) is the headquarters of numerous international organizations. Lausanne and St. Gallen are world-renowned education centers, and Lucerne is a famous meeting point of culture and tourism.
Smaller agglomerations with an economic profile are Lugano as a banking and tourism center, Winterthur with a medical technology base, and Neuchatel with electronics and micro-technology centers.
According to the Global Competitiveness Report 2017-2018 Switzerland is the world’s most competitive economy.
Human capital
With respect to the productivity of the labor force, Switzerland ranks number 2 among the world’s national economies. The workforce is generally highly motivated, as confirmed through international studies (see Work Motivation).
The Swiss labor market is characterized by a liberal labor law, low regulation density and outstanding social stability. Labor conflicts are solved through negotiations between the social partners.
The labor costs depend not only on the direct wage and ancillary wage costs, but also on the total number of hours worked per year and the costs of absenteeism. In Switzerland, the annual working hours are longer than in other European countries. Absenteeism due to illness and other reasons is low. Strikes are practically non-existent.

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